Endoscopy is a surgical technique that involves the use of an
endoscope, a special viewing instrument that allows a surgeon
to see images of the bodys internal structures through
very small incisions.
Endoscopic surgery has been used for decades in a number of
different procedures, including gallbladder removal, tubal ligation,
and knee surgery. However, in the world of plastic surgery,
endoscopic instruments have recently been introduced.
An endoscope consists of two basic parts: a tubular probe fitted
with a tiny camera and bright light, which is inserted through
a small incision; and a viewing screen, which magnifies the
transmitted images of the bodys internal structures. During
surgery, Dr. Gillian watches the screen while moving the tube
of the endoscope through the surgical area. Its important
to understand that the endoscope functions as a viewing device
only. To perform the surgery, a separate surgical instrumentsuch
as a scalpel, scissors, or forcepsmust be inserted through
a different point of entry and manipulated within the tissue.